A misaligned bite does not only affect a person physically, it could also cause emotional and health issues. Knowing its causes and types could help make the treatment more effective. Here are some facts about improper bite:
What causes a misaligned bite?
Heredity is among the factors that can cause malocclusion or misalignment of bite. This means a person could be born with crooked teeth, or either an underbite or an overbite. Sometimes, it can also be the result of an injury, poor-fitting dental works, or childhood habits like thumb sucking.
What are the common types of malocclusion?
Malocclusion is classified into several types — overbites, underbites, crossbite, and rotation of teeth. Class 1 malocclusion is the most common and it refers to a normal bite with the upper front teeth slightly overlapping the lower teeth. Class 2 malocclusion, on the other hand, is a more severe type of overbite, which covers most part of the lower teeth and jaw. Class 3 malocclusion is an underbite, which means the lower teeth and jaw overlap the front teeth and jaw.
Why is treatment necessary?
A misaligned bite can cause an irregular appearance of the face, speech problems, gum problems due to spacing and crowding issues, chewing and biting discomfort, and jaw problems.
What treatment options are available for a misaligned bite?
Caring Smiles Dental Clinic and other orthodontists in Boise noted that wearing braces is the most common form of treatment for an improper bite. The procedure, which uses metal wire to align teeth, could take years depending on the severity of the malocclusion.
An Invisalign, on the other hand, is similar to braces except that it comes in clear aligners and is removable. This is only for mild malocclusion, however. If the bite problem is severe, wearing headgear braces is the ideal solution.
For slight misalignment issues, cosmetic dentistry may be an option. The dentist may reshape the teeth to make imperfections less obvious. Take note that this does not correct the bite, though.
Many reasons can cause bite problems and teeth misalignment. Moreover, they can bring physical and emotional issues when left untreated. Fortunately, there are several ways to fix them.